Cefalù is one of the most popular seaside resorts of the Tyrrhenian coast, included in the most beautiful towns in Italy and is part of the Madonie National Park. In the IV Century BC the Greeks called it ‘Kefaloidion’ or head cape. Its name first appears in history at the time of the Carthaginian expedition under Himilco, 396 BC, when that general concluded a treaty with the Himeraeans and the inhabitants of Cephaloedium. In the First Punic War it was reduced by the Roman fleet under Atilius Calatinus and Scipio Nasica, 254 BC, but by treachery and not by force of arms. Cicero speaks of it as apparently a flourishing town, enjoying full municipal privileges.