The Wine Trails of Sicily Through Culture and the Arts of Pleasure part V

trinacria bella how sicily was born

 

 The Wine Trails of Sicily Through Culture and the Arts of Pleasure  part V

 

ETNA ROSSO/BIANCO DOC  - MAMERTINO DOC – FARO DOC – MALVASIA DELLE LIPARI

Etna_DOC_TerritoryMessina DOClogo_faro

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To complete our tour through “Culture and Arts of Pleasure” of Sicily , drive from south-east toward the “Mongibeddu ”, in Sicilian, the Beautiful Mountain,  entering the Etna DOC Wine Route ,which extends along the entire the foot of the the biggest active volcano of Europe.

Etna in Spingtime copy

 

 

The World Heritage Committee has inscribed Mount Etna natural sites from Sicily on the World Heritage List (Jun 21, 2013)

Mount Etna (SICILY)

This year 2013  the Etna Park  has been included by UNESCO among its Patrimony : In addition to wine, and food delicatessen,  the beauty of an unspoiled corner of nature really.

  • 19,237 uninhabited hectares on the highest part of Mount Etna
  • Mount Etna is the most active stratovolcano in the world
  •  The eruptive history of the volcano can be traced back 500,000 years
  • 2,700 years of this activity has been documented
  • Etna supports important terrestrial ecosystems including endemic flora and fauna
  • Its activity makes it a natural laboratory for the study of ecological and biological processes.  see also unesco.org

 

Funghi di Ferla - togliere data

Bronte Castle  garden copyPistacchio di Bronte by Vanvakys copytagliatelle al pistacchio di Bronte by VRC 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vineyard Etna _2 copy 2With its particular climate, and microclimates has a very fertile soil  lava for unique varieties such as Carricante, indigenous white grape , Nerello Mascalese, according to Homer  “Ulysses’s wine”, Nerello Cappuccio/Mantellato and Minnella, all grapes variety part of the Etna Rosso DOC . 

 

 

 

Sant'Alfio Etna CT  The church photo by Valeria Casale copyWe suggest to go up and visit  Sant’Alfio, the little village with it’s lava church, and all take a walk around the chestnut forest, home of  the oldest tree in Europe (3000 years). Many vineyards around this huge area, including Passopisciaro.

 

 

 

 

 

CASTIGLIONE Castello di Lauria foto di httpradiostereosantagata.blogspot.itEtna  the tree of the hundrend knights1 copyPalmento pressa small_2jpg Bronte Castle copy X Web

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 The Castle of Castiglione di Sicilia, and proceeding toward north-east go directly to  ”Bronte” The city of pistachios” is a must: along with hundreds of dishes based on this delicious fruit, you can also visit the Norman Church, incorporated inside the Bronte’s Castle and the beautiful Simeto Valley and the  Nebrodi Park.

 

  From the sharp volcanic land with gentle slopes of the Aeolian Islands to finish the wine tour with the wine route in the province of Messina, from the city of the strait to the seven sisters of the Mediterranean. The DOC of the Faro and  Mamertino, cultivated along the hills of the “Nebrodi Mountains“, accompany offshore until the unmistakable taste of Malvasia Delle Lipari off the north-east coast, the seven Aeolian Islands  friendly and passionate just like Sicily.

POTULATUM MAMERTINUM TAUROMENITANUM: THE FIRST DOC

POTULANUM, MAMERTINUM, TAUROMENITANUM: THE FIRST DOC

Piaza Armerina mosaics_2 copy smallAlthough the drink was known for several centuries, wine was surely not that which it is today. Wine was often diluted with water, and, at times, sweetened with honey or pieces of fruit. However, their preservation methods were so primitive that the wines were impossible to keep, and quickly turned acidic. According to Varrone (III century B.C.), there were fifty types of table grapes and one hundred eighty-five different vines to testify to the commercial success of this “acidic drink”. Julius Cesar (100–44 BC) loved a particular wine coming from the north-east area of Sicily, around Messina,  (between Milazzo town and the Capo di Milazzo peninsula, out into the Tyrrhenian Sea. Named after the “Mamertini”, earlier population arrived in Sicily from Campania in about 310 BC, mercenaries paid by Agathocles, the tyrant king of Syracuse, can be considered the first D.O.C. in history

 Tindary copy 2However, the methods of wine production and preservation became ever more advanced over the years, with much of the refinement due in large part to the Byzantines, who were in Sicily from 535 to 827 A.D., and the ecclesiastic wine culture, which was reserved to the priests.In the convents and churches, wine was drunk in its pure state, and was of optimal quality. Indeed, the wine of the Christian Era assumed a profound religious significance, and was considered the “blood of Christ” during the weekly liturgy.

 Pantocrator Palatina by Vnavakys copy small copy 2A.D. 500: MALVASIA, THE OLDEST DESSERT WINE IN THE WORLD, ARRIVES

Malvasia, today’s oldest dessert wine, and still considered elegant and prestigious, came from Greece, Monenvasia in Peloponnesia, to be precise, and enjoyed great success for centuries.